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Pregnancy Gingivitis And The Effects on Your Oral Health

August 10, 2020

pregnancy swollen gums brampton dentist

There is a change of hormones in your body during pregnancy, and this change can create swelling and inflammation of your gums, called pregnancy gingivitis. The change in hormones can also make it easier for bacteria to grow, which can lead to the puffy, red and swollen gum tissue. Pregnancy gingivitis can occur in any trimester of pregnancy but is most common in the second and third trimester. With proper oral hygiene, pregnancy gingivitis usually subsides on it’s own after birth and nursing, but in rare cases, if left untreated, it can progress into more severe gum disease, which leaves permanent complications with the supporting structures of your teeth.

Signs and symptoms of pregnancy gingivitis:

  • Swollen/puffy gums
  • Irritated or tender gums
  • Gums that bleed easily when brushing or flossing
  • Gum tumours (overgrowth of gum tissue between teeth which are usually localized)
  • Gum tissue more red and shiny in appearance
  • Receding gums
  • Bad breath

You may experience all or just 1 or 2 of these symptoms during pregnancy. 

Ways to reduce pregnancy gingivitis symptoms: 

  • Maintain adequate oral hygiene at home by brushing at least twice a day & floss daily. The gum’s inflammation response to the plaque is more severe during pregnancy, so it is important to keep your teeth as clean as possible.
  • Use a mouthwash that is approved by the CDA/ADA. Mouthwash helps to reduce overall oral bacteria.
  • Eat a balanced diet high in vitamins and nutrients
  • Manage stress to balance out hormone levels 
  • Rinse with salt water to help reduce inflammation and keep gums healthy
  • Visit your dentist for your routine check-ups and cleanings. Professional dental cleanings remove oral bacteria from areas that are difficult for you to access. It is recommended that you see your dental hygienist more routinely, every 3-4 months if you are experiencing symptoms of pregnancy gingivitis

If you think you have pregnancy gingivitis, or have any questions about how to reduce the symptoms, we encourage you to contact us today to schedule a dental cleaning appointment.  

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